Minerals and Bio-components

Whole milk contains 0.8% of minerals. This mineral fraction includes calcium (≈ 118 mg per 100 g of whole milk), which is essential to the proper functioning of cells, magnesium (≈ 10.6 mg per 100 g of whole milk) and potassium (≈ 150 mg 100 g of whole milk), useful with the cellular mechanisms and a normal blood system activity. Milk also contains vitamins. Fat carries the lipophilic vitamins (A and D groups), but milk also contains hydrophilic vitamins from the B group (thiamine, riboflavin, folic acid, cobalamin, etc.). In milk, we can also find proteins with biological activities such as lactoferrin, bacteriostatic glycoprotein and lactoperoxidase, a bactericidal enzymatic system.

Milk Minerals

Cow's milk is rich in minerals such as calcium, sodium, potassium, iron, magnesium and phosphorus. These minerals are essential for the proper functioning of the body because they are involved in many vital processes such as muscle and cardiac contraction, blood coagulation, hormone release, nerve impulse transmission, etc. Cow's milk has other minerals in very small quantities called trace elements. These are iodine, fluorine, chlorine, zinc, cobalt and selenium. In total, the mineral elements represent about 4% of the body weight. A balanced diet provides daily intake of minerals and trace elements.

Bio-active Proteins

We find bioactive peptides as much in major fractions as in minor fractions of milk soluble proteins. They act on various physiological systems and are involved in the regulation of key functions in the body, such as immune function, gastrointestinal function, cardiovascular function and nerve function.
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